Radiology, Mammography, CT, Ultrasound, Echo-cardiograph, X-RAY.
WHAT ARE X-RAYS?
WHAT ARE THEY USED FOR?
Examining bones As bone is made out of calcium, which is a very hard and tough material, it shows up very clearly on X-rays. This makes X-rays very useful in diagnosing many different conditions and other problems related to bones, such as: breaks, problems with your teeth, such as tooth decay, osteoporosis (thinning and weakening of your bones), bone infections, scoliosis (abnormal curvature of the spine), and cancers of the bone.
- Examining the chest Although major organs and blood vessels do not show up as clearly on X-rays as bones, they are visible. Therefore, chest X-rays are a good way of looking for changes or abnormalities in your heart, lungs and major arteries. In particular, chest X-rays can be used to help diagnose lung conditions, such as infections, lung cancer and asthma, as well as heart enlargement.
- X-rays and contrast fluids X-rays are often used in combination with contrast fluids to produce a more detailed picture of certain organs and blood vessels. Most contrast fluids block the passageway of X-rays. When a contrast fluid coats the lining of organs and blood vessels, they show up clearly in white. Barium is a widely used contrast fluid.
- Barium swallow A barium swallow is a procedure where you are given some barium solution to drink. Once the barium moves down into your upper digestive system, a series of X-rays is taken. The test is often used to diagnose problems of swallowing, or persistent abdominal pain.
- Barium enema A barium enema involves having barium solution pumped through your anus (back passage) into your bowel. Barium enemas are used to diagnose bowel problems, such as persistent infrequent bowel movement and blood in your stools.
- Intravenous urogram (IVU) An intravenous urogram (IVU) is where a contrast fluid (usually an iodine solution) is injected into your veins, before it moves into your kidneys and bladder. X-rays are then taken of your kidneys and bladder. The procedure is often used to diagnose problems with your urinary system. Concerning contrast media for use in vessel refer to the contrast media consent form.
Doctors in Radiology Department
DR. MONA ABOU EL FETOUH
DR. SARAH AL BAYAH
Specialty: General Practitioner (GP)